Richard Claxton Gregory
October 12, 1932
in St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
August 19, 2017 (aged 84) in Washington, D.C., U.S.
Lillian Smith (m. 1959)
Active Years of Activism
Real & Current WIkipedia Activism ABstract
Richard Claxton Gregory (October 12, 1932 – August 19, 2017) was an American comedian, civil rights and vegetarian activist, and conspiracy theorist. He spent the last decade of his life speaking regularly about numerous conspiracy theories. His writings were best sellers. Gregory became popular among the African-American communities in the southern United States with his "no-holds-barred" sets, poking fun at the bigotry and racism in the United States. In 1961 he became a staple in the comedy clubs, even appearing on television, and officially releasing comedy record albums.
Gregory was at the forefront of political activism in the 1960s, when he protested the Vietnam War and racial injustice. He was arrested multiple times and went on many hunger strikes. He later became a speaker and author, primarily promoting spirituality.
Gregory died of heart failure at a Washington, D.C., hospital at age 84 in August 2017.
For the Canadian football player, see Dick Gregory (Canadian football).
Virtual YogA Assignment
& Contemplative Practice
LISTEN TO DICK GREGORY'S SPEECH
AT THE START OF THE ABOVE VIDEO
AND CONSIDER THE LOGIC
AROUND WHAT IS SAID.
AS YOU TAKE IN
THE REST OF THIS
BOB MARLEY & THE WAILERS
AT HARVARD STADIUM
IN BOSTON, MA, USA,
DESIGN YOUR OWN
VIRTUAL ACTIVISM PLAYING CARD
WITH BIOGRAPHICAL STATS,
A VISUAL REPRESENTATION,
NOTABLE WORKS & ROLES,
& / OR
IMAGINE YOUR OWN
WIKIPEDIA ACTIVISM ABSTRACT
DRAW A PICTURE
OF YOUR OWN LI-GER & DESCRIBE
WHAT IT'S KNOWN FOR,
AND SPECIAL SKILLS & POWERS
(SEE NAPOLEON DYNAMITE
CONSIDER, WHAT HAS BEEN MISSING
FROM HOW DICK GREGORY
CONSIDER, WHY DOES WIKIPEDIA
DOCUMENTS BOB MARLEY'S
WITHOUT IDENTIFYING HIM
AS AN ACTIVIST?
NAMASTE ~ TEAGAN
Special Skills & Powers:
Skills as a Singer, Songwriter, and Musician,
with the power to unify people across race, religion, and generation, around music and messages of peace, Jah, unity, and one love.
A VIRTUAL ACTIVISM PLAYING CARD
& WIKIPEDIA ACTIVISM ABSTRACT
Created for Bob Marley
[OR, My thought about What it MIGHT look like
iF wikipedia Were to Frame Bob Marley
MORE as an activist than a musician]
Virtual activism Playing Card
Robert Nesta Marley
6 February 1945
Nine Mile, Saint Ann Parish, British Jamaica
11 May 1981 (aged 36)
Miami, Florida, U.S.
Rita Anderson (m. after 1966)
Cindy Breakspeare (1977–1978)
Active Years of Activism
Notable Works and Roles
An IMagined Wikipedia Activism Abstract
Internationally, Marley's message continues to reverberate among various indigenous communities. For instance, the Australian Aboriginal people continue to burn a sacred flame to honour his memory in Sydney's Victoria Park, while members of the Native American Hopi and Havasupai tribes revere his work.:5 There are also many tributes to Bob Marley throughout India, including restaurants, hotels, and cultural festivals.
Marley evolved into a global symbol, which has been endlessly merchandised through a variety of mediums. In light of this, author Dave Thompson in his book Reggae and Caribbean Music, laments what he perceives to be the commercialised pacification of Marley's more militant edge, stating:
"Bob Marley ranks among both the most popular and the most misunderstood figures in modern culture ... That the machine has utterly emasculated Marley is beyond doubt. Gone from the public record is the ghetto kid who dreamed of Che Guevara and the Black Panthers, and pinned their posters up in the Wailers Soul Shack record store; who believed in freedom; and the fighting which it necessitated, and dressed the part on an early album sleeve; whose heroes were James Brown and Muhammad Ali; whose God was Ras Tafari and whose sacrament was marijuana. Instead, the Bob Marley who surveys his kingdom today is smiling benevolence, a shining sun, a waving palm tree, and a string of hits which tumble out of polite radio like candy from a gumball machine. Of course it has assured his immortality. But it has also demeaned him beyond recognition. Bob Marley was worth far more."
Several films pour spotlights on Marley and his message. For instance, a feature-length documentary about his life, Rebel Music, won various awards at the Grammys. With contributions from Rita, The Wailers, and Marley's lovers and children, it also tells much of the story in his own words. The film, Marley, was released on 20 April 2012. In 2011, ex-girlfriend and filmmaker Esther Anderson, along with Gian Godoy, made the documentary Bob Marley: The Making of a Legend, which premiered at the Edinburgh International Film Festival. In October 2015, Jamaican author Marlon James' novel A Brief History of Seven Killings, a fictional account of the attempted assassination of Marley, won the 2015 Man Booker Prize at a ceremony in London. In February 2020, the musical Get Up Stand Up!, the Bob Marley Story was announced by writer Lee Hall and director Dominic Cooke, starring Arinzé Kene as Bob Marley. It will open at London's Lyric Theatre in February 2021.
BOB MARLEY'S SONG "WAR" REIMAGINED AS "ROAR"
That until there no longer first class and second class citizens of any nation, until the color of a man's skin is of no more significance than the color of his eyes, Me say "ROAR!"
That until the basic human rights are equally guaranteed to all without regard to race, dis a "ROAR!"
That until that day the dream of lasting peace, world citizenship, rule of international morality will remain in but a fleeting illusion to be pursued, but never attained, now everywhere is "ROAR!" "ROAR!"
And until the ignoble and unhappy regimes that hold our brothers in Angola, in Mozambique, South Africa, Sub-human bondage have been toppled, utterly destroyed, well, everywhere is "ROAR!" Me say "ROAR!"
"ROAR!" in the east. "ROAR!" in the west. "ROAR!" up north. "ROAR!" down south. "ROAR!" "ROAR!" Rumors of "ROAR!"
And until that day, the African continent will not know peace, we Africans will fight we find it necessary and we know we shall win as we are confident in the victory of good over evil. Good over evil, yeah, good over evil. Good over evil, yeah, good over evil.
Yoga & anti-racism SERIES, PART 3 OF 8
Lokah Samastah Sukhino Bhavantu
This sanskrit prayer we so often invoke at the end of yoga asana practice speaks to the purpose of yoga. “May all beings everywhere be happy and free, and may the thoughts, words, and actions of my own life contribute in some way to that happiness and to that freedom for all.” Here we state our desire for the wellbeing of everyone, and our intention that our own practice contribute to this greater good. Yoga invites us to walk the path to freedom and happiness, for ourselves and for all--the path to inner peace and peace on earth.
The Yamas & Niyamas
In the Yoga Sutras Patanjali outlines the eight limbs of Ashtanga Yoga, beginning with the Yamas and Niyamas, which illuminate yoga’s inherent design. In Sanskrit Yamas connotes reins, the restraints employed by a charioteer. The Yamas steer our interactions with others, teaching us how to navigate our interpersonal world with ethical behaviors to respect all others and create harmonious coexistence. “May all beings everywhere be happy and free...” Niyamas shares the same root, with the added prefix Ni, in this instance indicating inward or within. The Niyamas guide our internal practice and right relationship within ourselves. “...and may the thoughts, words, and actions of my own life contribute in some way to that happiness and to that freedom for all.”
The Yamas and Niyamas direct and focus our actions to achieve freedom and happiness for all, to reach ultimate union, or enlightenment. They are often described as guideposts, numbered in order reflecting Pantanjali's elucidation in the Yoga Sutras. However, we might consider the Yamas and Niyamas more as trail-marking cairns comprised of stacked stones. We might imagine that the stones have tumbled, and that we may rearrange them more stably in such a way to better illuminate our path and lend to more coherence. Let's consider a cairn with Satya & Santosha at its base, and place Brahmacharya & Svadhyaya second. We stack Aparigraha & Tapas third at the midpoint, followed by Asteya & Saucha. We cap the cairn with Ahimsa & Ishwara Pranidhana at the pinnacle. Arranged in this way, we're clearly directed toward social activism and anti-racism; it's the only way forward with applied practice.
Satya is often translated as non-lying, or truthfulness, with the implication that as long as we are honest and impeccable with our word, we are practicing this virtue. Satya entails so much more than this limited interpretation. Satya means non-falsehood, non-distortion, non-ignorance. We must allow for multiple truths; we cannot ignore or deny the truth of others.
In Sanskrit, Sat indicates the ultimate eternal truth, with the suffix ya indicating doing or accomplishing. Satya requires active investigation in seeking the whole and complete truth. We must be willing to question the dominant cultural narrative; we must be willing to hear and digest multiple perspectives and to exercise our own discernment. We must analyze the validity of our usual information sources and evaluate entrained biases, inaccurate assumptions, hidden interests, and covert agendas. We must identify which voices have been silenced, unduly discredited, or eclipsed. We must consider alternate views and sort facts from opinion. We must amplify the voices that long have been oppressed, and bolster the stories of those vulnerable to violence in speaking their truth. We must encourage courageous free-thought and nourish fresh perspectives; we cannot feed the fear of dissent. We must piece together a more complete picture. Satya means to dedicate practice to cultivating our understanding. Satya means to propagate a more consummate, collaborative, and comprehensive truth.
Santosha, derived from Sanskrit Sam, complete, altogether, entire, and Tosha, acceptance, or being comfortable, means to make peace with, or to reconcile multiple truths. Santosha asks us to develop our capacity to hold comfortably the varied elements that comprise the complete truth, and to accept dichotomous or paradoxical realities. This is a practice of mental flexibility, that we may stretch ourselves beyond one limited view and exercise ‘both/and’ competency, allowing for seeming opposites both to be simultaneously true. We must build our faculty for uncertainty and contradiction.
Santosha invites us to be present with all that is, to face what we’d rather not see. We must sift, sort, and structure the multiple aspects of truth to create space in our minds and foster a sense of clarity and ease so that we are not overwhelmed or burdened by the enormity of true reality. Santosha is often translated as contentment, and this is an important element. We must not be frustrated or deterred when the multiple components do not readily align or make sense within our active framework. We must be content to keep with the practice, to build space to accommodate our own blind spots and allow for gaps in our understanding. Practice with Santosha requires calm receptivity, persistence in reflection, and a willingness to rearrange concepts, rule out false paradigm schemes, imagine ideas inverted, follow corollary patterns, and redefine our sense of truth, reality, and identity.
Practicing Satya & Santosha with Anti-Racism
- An easy step to take is to follow Marie Beecham (@MarieBeech) on Facebook or Instagram for clear bite-size information and actionable steps.
- If you’re ready for more than this, I highly recommend listening to the Hope & Hard Pills podcast and tuning in to Andre Henry’s Facebook videos to expand our perception and hear diverse perspectives.
- When you’re ready for an extensive overview of how racism has been embedded in the American criminal justice system for the entirety of American history, Michelle Alexander’s New York Times Bestseller The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, 10th Anniversary Edition paints a clear comprehensive picture.
Thank you for engaging with the anti-racism discussion and exploring with me how yoga calls us to activism for social justice. In my next post I continue with this practice and explore Karma Yoga & The Paradox of All-One, invoking the Yama Brahmacharya and the Niyama Svadhyaya.
Namaste ~ Teagan
| || |
On the right we celebrate an amazing black artist, performing in full glory, albeit to a predominantly white audience. On the left we can appreciate the lyrics on a blackout backdrop and consider "this modern love" of our current Black Lives Matter movement--the love we hold for our BIPOC community. Many of us who are privileged and white have been "lost in the forest", while the BIPOC community have been trying to reach us, to get through to us with the facts about racism. The "books", the information, are all around us; we need to keep "learning the facts" and enjoying the practice, without "getting offended" or upset about what we've been ignorant, innocent, or "absent-minded" about until now. We need to "be more discerning," "more demanding," to know and to fight for "what is good for us," what's good for everyone in our communities. Those who are privileged, who've "been paid" need to step up and leverage resources for healing and justice, to "pay for you." "What are you holding out for? What's always in the way?" The time for racial justice, for safety and equality for BIPOC is now. The ending is almost prophetic of the Covid Quarantine, "Do you want to come over and kill some time, throw your arms around me." Let's take care of each other.
keep Safe & start a Block Party
Yoga & Anti-Racism Series
Part 1: How Yoga & Social Justice Intersect: A Contemplative Practice
..... Part 1.1 A Personal Commitment to Social Justice Practice
Part 2: Setting the Stage for Contemplative Practice: A Personal Reflection
Part 3: Social Justice & The Purpose of Yoga: Invoking Satya & Santosha
Part 4: Karma Yoga & The Paradox of All-One: Invoking Brahmacharya & Svadhyaya
..... Part 4.1 The Work of Byron Katie: Bonding Brahmacharya & Svadhyaya with Satya & Santosha
Part 5: Dharma, Divisiveness & Sustaining Activism: Invoking Aparigraha & Tapas
..... Part 5.1 Bonding Aparigraha & Tapas with Brahmacharya & Svadhyaya
Part 6: Appropriation & Holding Space: Invoking Asteya & Saucha
..... Part 6.1 Integrity Review
Part 7: Surrender to Activism: Invoking Ahimsa & Ishwara Pranidhana
Part 8: The Yamas & Niyamas Activism Model
For students new to this model, you are encouraged to interact openly, authentically, thoughtfully, and freely in the community forum spaces [i.e. the blog comments section, instagram comments, and facebook comments and within any intentional group containers.] Please discuss, debate, critique, play Devil's Advocate & God's Messiah, and monitor one another for the benefit of all.
Please honor & respect private channels. Please reserve emails & direct messages for teachers' professional colleagues and personal support systems. Be considerate of those propelled into spotlights; protect their sacred space containers, and allow their work to breath.
To share a post in its entirety, please link the URL. To quote a portion of a post, please use quotations and credit both the author Teagan Patell de Valverde and COCO YOGA AND WELLNESS .COM with a link. To share images, please tag & link @cocoyogaandwellness and any additional credits. When images incorporate a credit, please maintain the complete integrity of the image. If your initial instinct is to clip and crop, please examine that. There is no need to stamp credits on images that are intentionally preserved in free space. These images may be freely reposted, replicated, manipulated, deconstructed, reimagined & reworked to everyone's hearts content, so "flip it up & reverse it, missy!"
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